Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 117,000 in July, and the unemploymentrate was little changed at 9.1 percent, down from 9.2 percent in June, the US Bureau of Labor Statisticsreported today. Job gains occurred in health care, retail trade, manufacturing,and mining. Government employment continued to trend down. The drop in the unemployment rate is attributed mostly to a reduction in the labor force, as fewer people were looking for work, but there was some modest gains in jobs.Household Survey DataThe number of unemployed persons (13.9 million) and the unemployment rate (9.1percent) changed little in July. Since April, the unemployment rate has shownlittle definitive movement. The labor force, at 153.2 million, was littlechanged in July, with a gain of 117,000.Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men(9.0 percent),adult women (7.9 percent), teenagers (25.0 percent), whites (8.1 percent),blacks (15.9 percent), and Hispanics (11.3 percent) showed little or no changein July. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted.The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks declined by 387,000 inJuly, mostly offsetting an increase in the prior month. The number of long-termunemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over), at 6.2 million, changed littleover the month and accounted for 44.4 percent of the unemployed.The civilian labor force participation rate edged down in July to 63.9 percent,and the employment-population ratio was little changed at 58.1 percent.The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referredto as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in July at 8.4 million.These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut backor because they were unable to find a full-time job.In July, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, littlechanged from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Theseindividuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not countedas unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks precedingthe survey.Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers inJuly, about the same as a year earlier. (These data are not seasonallyadjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for workbecause they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 millionpersons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched forwork in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendanceor family responsibilities.Establishment Survey DataTotal nonfarm payroll employment increased by 117,000 in July, following littlegrowth over the prior 2 months. Total private employment rose by 154,000 overthe month, reflecting job gains in several major industries, including healthcare, retail trade, manufacturing, and mining. Government employment continuedto decline.Health care employment grew by 31,000 in July. Ambulatory health care servicesand hospitals each added 14,000 jobs over the month. Over the past 12 months,health care employment has grown by 299,000.Retail trade added 26,000 jobs in July. Employment in health and personal carestores rose by 9,000 over the month with small increases distributed amongseveral other retail industries. Employment in retail trade has increased by228,000 since a recent low in December 2009.Manufacturing employment increased in July (+24,000); nearly all of theincrease was in durable goods manufacturing. Within durable goods, the motorvehicles and parts industry had fewer seasonal layoffs than typical for July,contributing to a seasonally adjusted employment increase of 12,000.Manufacturing has added 289,000 jobs since its most recent trough in December2009, and durable goods manufacturing added 327,000 jobs during this period.In July, employment in mining rose by 9,000; virtually all of the gain (+8,000)occurred in support activities for mining. Employment in mining has increasedby 140,000 since a recent low in October 2009.Employment in professional and technical services continued to trend up in July(+18,000). This industry has added 246,000 jobs since a recent low in March2010. Employment in temporary help services changed little over the month andhas shown little movement on net so far this year.Elsewhere in the private sector, employment in construction, transportationand warehousing, information, financial activities, and leisure and hospitalitychanged little over the month.Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-37,000).Employment in state government decreased by 23,000, almost entirely due to apartial shutdown of the Minnesota state government. Employment in localgovernment continued to wane over the month.The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchangedover the month at 34.3 hours. The manufacturing workweek and factory overtimefor all employees also were unchanged at 40.3 hours and 3.1 hours, respectively.In July, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees onprivate nonfarm payrolls was 33.6 hours for the sixth consecutive month.In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrollsincreased by 10 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $23.13. Over the past 12 months,average hourly earnings have increased by 2.3 percent. In July, average hourlyearnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increasedby 8 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $19.52.The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +25,000to +53,000, and the change for June was revised from +18,000 to +46,000.US DOL. 8.5.2011
But in a statement later Tuesday the army added that 17 more critically injured were “exposed to sub-zero temperatures… [and] succumbed to their injuries”.The Indian army said earlier that there were “casualties on both sides”. China’s defense ministry confirmed the incident had resulted in casualties but did not give the nationality of the victims or any other details.The United States — which has mounting frictions with China, but sees India as an emerging ally — said it is hoping for a “peaceful resolution”, and that it was monitoring the situation closely.The UN called for both sides to “exercise maximum restraint”.Former Indian ambassador to China and foreign secretary Nirupama Menon Rao warned that “we are at an extremely worrisome juncture in the relationship”.”If not handled correctly… [this] can really escalate into something much bigger than we had initially imagined,” Harsh Pant from the Observer Research Foundation think-tank told AFP. The long-running border dispute between Asian nuclear powers India and China turned deadly for the first time in nearly half a century after at least 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a “violent face-off”, the army said Tuesday.Experts warned the high-altitude clash along the Himalayan frontier was a worrying development which could escalate, following weeks of rising tensions and the deployment of thousands of extra troops from both sides.Brawls erupt regularly between the world’s two most populous nations across their disputed 3,500-kilometer border — but no-one has been killed since 1975. Topics : ‘Attacking Chinese personnel’ Beijing claimed Indian troops “crossed the border line twice… provoking and attacking Chinese personnel, resulting in serious physical confrontation between border forces on the two sides”. New Delhi’s foreign ministry spokesman Anurag Srivastava hit back, saying the clash arose from “an attempt by the Chinese side to unilaterally change the status quo” on the border.The violence followed weeks of hostilities that began May 9, when several Indian and Chinese soldiers were injured in a clash involving fists and stone-throwing at Naku La in India’s Sikkim state, which borders Bhutan, Nepal and China.But just last week, China said it had reached a “positive consensus” with India over resolving tensions at the border, while New Delhi also sounded conciliatory.However, Indian sources and news reports suggested that Chinese troops remained in parts of the Galwan Valley and of the northern shore of the Pangong Tso lake that it occupied in recent weeks.The prickly relationship had already been strained when India in August revoked the semi-autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir state.That saw the Ladakh region — partly claimed by Beijing — turned into a separate Indian administrative territory.Taylor Fravel, an expert on China’s territorial disputes at MIT, said Beijing would have viewed the move as a “direct challenge to China’s sovereignty” over the area it claims.”This may have been one factor leading China to adopt a much more forward posture along the LAC [Line of Actual Control, or the frontier] in the western sector [of the border]” he told AFP.Fravel said both nations would not “want to see a major escalation”, with China’s main security priority still the US. ‘Worrying’ India and China have never even agreed on the length of their “Line of Actual Control” frontier, and each side uses different frontier proposals made by Britain to China in the 19th century to back their claims. They fought a brief war in 1962 in which China took territory from India. Further deadly clashes followed in 1967, but the last shot fired in anger was in 1975, when four Indian soldiers were ambushed and killed along the dividing line in Arunachal Pradesh. In 2017 there was a 72-day showdown after Chinese forces moved into the disputed Doklam plateau on the China-India-Bhutan border.After that India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese leader Xi Jinping appeared to ease tensions at two summits.India and China meanwhile have also been engaged in a show of power in the Indo-Pacific, with New Delhi allying with the US, Australia and Japan to check China’s push in the region. Beijing and Delhi blamed each other for Monday’s clash in the precipitous, rocky terrain of the strategically important Galwan Valley, which lies between China’s Tibet and India’s Ladakh.An Indian army source in the region told AFP the incident involved no shooting but “violent hand-to-hand scuffles”. The soldiers threw punches and stones at each other, with Chinese troops allegedly attacking their Indian counterparts with rods and nail-studded clubs during the more than six-hour fight, the Hindustan Times reported.India had earlier put the toll at three dead.